|The Temple of Founder Qiu 邱祖殿 (Qiū Zǔ Diàn) is dedicated to Qiu Chuji, or to use his Daoist name, Qiu Changchun 长春 (Chángchūn), the founder of the Longmen tradition of Quanzhen Daoism. Qiu Chuji (丘处机) was born in what is now Shandong Province in 1148. Shandong is in the east on the ocean and north of the Yangtze River. Until 1142 Shangdong had been ruled by the Chinese Song Dynasty, but in 1142 the Jurchen Jin Dynasty pushed the Song army to the south of the Yangtze. Shandong is also famous for being the birthplace of Confucius (551 BC – 479 BC).
Qiu Chuji rejected the study of Confucianism and at the age of 19 went to study to become a Daoist monk. In his travels he met Wang Chongyang. He became one of his disciples and eventually traveled with him to Shandong after Wang Chongyang ended his period of meditation and began to go from place to place to teach and find disciples. In Shandong, Wang Chongyang found the last of his seven disciples and when they were ready sent them out to found temples and teach themselves. The seven were:
Wang Chuyi 王处一,
Each of them would spread the teachings of Wang Chongyang and found their own tradition within the tradition of Wang Chongyang's Quanzhen Daoism.
Last update: October 2009
© Marilyn Shea, 2009