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Neolithic Era
Round Bottomed Bowl

This earthenware round bottomed bowl was excavated from Lijiacun Village, Xixiang County, Shaanxi. It was made between 7000 and 8000 years ago. Basket weaving predates the first pottery. One hypothesis used to explain the discovery of pottery making is that clay liners were made for baskets and let harden. People living near a clay deposit would have learned early that they could fashion wind breaker walls from clay. The observation that clay baked by the sun would be more resistant to water would have prompted making bricks that could be dried on all sides. When fire was added to the mixture, it required a lot of determined experimentation to create a method to raise the temperature to around 2000 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature necessary to make a good pot. The cooking fire at 200 to 500 degrees F. just wouldn't cut it.

China Index >> Shaanxi History Museum >> Neolithic Era

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Last update: March 2010
© Marilyn Shea, 2010