|The British, French, Americans, Germans, and Russians all established treaties by force after the Opium War. The early newcomers were interested in making their fortune in tea and returning home. Later, the commitment to and appreciation of the Chinese culture and the growth of the economy deepened an the foreigners set down roots.
Below is a map from 1907 of the concessions and the walled Chinese city courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. I have added a marker for Yu Yuan within the walled city. It's location near the North Gate and the wharves continued to be useful. In 1913, the north part of the wall was demolished, and in 1914 the same was done in the south. Over ten years the entire structure and moat were turned into roads by the Chinese government. A small section surrounding the Small North Gate remains. It has a monument to the God of War who protects the city.
Map courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin.
China Index >> History of Shanghai and Suzhou Region >> Yu Yuan
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Last update: February 2007
© Marilyn Shea 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007