Yu Yuan 豫园
Detail of Main Gate to Yu Yuan

To show his appreciation and as an act of filial piety, Pan Yunduan decided to build his father, Pan En, a garden in Shanghai where he could study, contemplate, and write. He hired Zhang Nanyang, a famous landscape artist, to design the garden and lay out the buildings. The work began in 1559 and took about 19 years to finish.

In the frieze above, Ming soldiers are victorious over the Mongolian Yuan in battle.

Last update: February 2007
© Marilyn Shea 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007