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bang4

clam, mussel, clam shell

Lynn

Ǯ

ban4liang3qian2

Ban Liang coin, half liang coin (liang - about 50 grams)

Sarah GChelsea

˫

wai4 shuang1 ding1 da4 ban3wa3

large roof tile with exterior double pins

Lynn

ban3wa3

roof tile, roof plate

Lynn

nei4 dan1 ding1 da4 ban3wa3

large roof tile with an interior single pin

Lynn

ban3zhu4

rammed earth, adobe, mud brick

CeCelia

ͭ

tong2 bei1

bronze cup

Travis

˫

shuang1 er3 bei1

double-handled cup, two eared cup

Travis

bei1

bei, water cup (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

bei4bi4

cowrie shell money

Lynn

bei4zhu4

beizhu, ancient coin container

Sarah GChelsea

ؐ A

bei4zhu4

beizhu, ancient coin container

Sarah GChelsea

ذ

bi3

dagger, ladle, ancient type of flat spoon

CeCelia

yu4 bi4

jade bi

CeCelia

bi4

bi, circlet, ring, annulus (flat round circle with a hole in the center, often made of jade)

CeCelia

ͭ

tong2 bian1zhong1

bronze chime bell

Lynn

bing3

measure word for knives and blades

CeCelia

bing3

handle, shaft, stem

CeCelia

bing1qi4

weaponry, weapon, arms, military instrument

Travis

bi4yu4

jade bi, jade disk with a hole in the center (ancient ritual object)

Travis

san1 zu2 bo1

three-legged bowl (usually clay)

CeCelia

ji3he2 wen2 cai3 tao2 bo1

geometric design colored pottery bowl

CeCelia

bu4

bu, covered round belly pot

Lynn

cai3hui4

painted

Lynn

ɲ

cha4

temple, shrine, monastery (Buddhist)

chan2

cicada

Travis

yu4 chan3

jade spade

CeCelia

chan3

to level off, to root up, to shovel, to remove; spade, shovel

CeCelia

gu3 chan3

bone spade

CeCelia

ʯ

shi2chan3

stone spade

CeCelia

chen2min2

subject (of a kingdom or ruler, monarchy), liege subject

ԯ

che1yuan2

axle

Lynn

chong2

again, once more; to repeat, to duplicate

Zhang MengLiu XiaoyunHuang XuCao Lihua
AshleyJeremyLynnNick

chuan1

to pierce, to perforate, to bore through, to thread, to pass through

chui2

to hang down, to droop, to dangle, to bend down, to approach, to hand down, to bequeath; nearly. almost,

CeCelia

chui1qi4

cooking vessel

CeCelia

ci2

porcelain, chinaware

Travis

chui1zou4

to play (wind instruments, horns, flutes, pipes)

Travis

ͭ

tong2 dai4shi4

bronze belt ornament, bronze belt buckle

Travis

di3

underside, bottom, base, ins and outs, rough draft

Shao DanniZhang NingZhang LiCao HuiShu Chang
AustinStephan

Di4

Di, (northern ethnic groups during Qin and Han dynasties)

tao1tie4 wen2 ding3

ogre mask decorated ding

CeCelia

ͭ

tong2 ding3

bronze ding (three-legged cauldron)

Lynn

chan2 wen2 ding3

cicada decorated ding, cicada decorated cooking pot

Travis

tao2 ding3

pottery ding, (pottery three-legged open mouthed vessel)

CeCelia

kui2 wen2 ding3

one-legged monster decorated ding

CeCelia

lei2 wen2 ding3

cloud decorated ding, thunder decorated ding

CeCelia

lou4kong1 dou4

openwork dou, ancient pedestal server with openwork design

Lynn

dou4

dou, ancient pedestal server

Lynn

dui

dui, food container

Lynn

er3bei1

erbei, wine heater

Sarah GChelsea

ͷ

Er4li3tou wen2hua4

Erlitou culture (centered near Luoyang and along Wei River, early Bronze Age around 2000 BC)

CeCelia

fang1gu1

fanggu, square goblet, wine vessel

Lynn

fou3

pottery

Sarah GChelsea

fou3

fou, squared storage vessel (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

fu3

fu, bronze or basket food container

Lynn

fu2

tally

Sarah GChelsea

fu3

fu, cauldron, caldron, kettle

Sarah GChelsea

fu

fu, ancient pedestal server

Lynn

ԭ

fu4yuan2

reconstruction, restoration, model; to restore, to recover

Travis

Ʒ

fu4zhi4pin3

reproduction, copy, replica

Lynn

gai4

to cover, to top, to surpass, to seal; cover

Jessie WangZhang MengLi ZhenCao Hui
FredApril

chang2 Hu2 si4 chuan1 ge1

long Hu four-holed halberd

Travis

ge1

ge, axe, ax

CeCelia

long2shou3 wen2 ge1

dragon head axe

CeCelia

ʮ

shi2zi4 gong1

cross bow

gong1

gong, wine cup (ancient)

Sarah G

ʳ

liang2shi4 jia1gong1 gong1ju4

food processing equipment

Lynn

ͭ

tong2 gou4jian4

bronze parts

Lynn

ռ

zhan1bu3 gu3

divining bone

Travis

gu1

gu, goblet, wine vessel

Lynn

zhe2 fu4 guan4

pottery jar with a folded belly

CeCelia

guan4

guan, carrying pot with handle (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

san1 zu2 guan4

three-legged jar

CeCelia

gao1 ling3 guan4

long necked jar

CeCelia

k

tao2 gui1

gui (three-legged wine container with handle)

CeCelia

gui2

gui, ancient bronze food vessel with a large round mouth and two or four handles, bamboo basket

Lynn

gui4bai4

to kowtow, to kneel and worship

Travis

B

tao2 he2

pottery pitcher

CeCelia

B

he2

he, ancient water container

Lynn

heng2qi4

weighing apparatus

Sarah GChelsea

( )

hu2

hu, covered wine vessel

Sarah GChelsea

ϸ

xi4 jing3 hu2

slender-necked flask, slender-necked pot

CeCelia

Hu2

Hu (the Hu were foreigners from the Han point of view - they include many peoples with different traditions, during Shang found throughout China, later in the North and West)

Travis

Ҷ

tao1tie4 chui2 ye4 wen2 hu2

ogre mask and hanging leaf decorated pot

CeCelia

chuan2 xing2 hu2

boat shaped jug

CeCelia

niao3 gai4 hu4 hu2

bird lid gourd hu, bottle shaped like a gourd with a stopper shaped like a bird

Lynn

ͭ

tong2 hua2

bronze plowshare, bronze spade

Lynn

tie3 hua2

iron plowshare, iron spade (ancient)

Travis

huan2

ring, link; to surround, to encircle

Shao DanniZhang NingZhang LiCao HuiShu Chang
KenJenniferJeremy

huan4fang1 tie3ban3

double six magic square steel plate (math puzzle)

Travis

hua4xiang4

portrait; to portray

Lynn

hu4cheng2he2

moat, river outside the walls of a city

hu3fu2

tiger tally

Sarah GChelsea

hui3

mythical venomous snake or serpent

Lynn

«

hu2lu

bottle shaped gourd (has two bulbous areas separated by an indented area)

CeCelia

huo4bi4

currency, money

Huang XuZhao HeZhang MengZhao Mo
AprilJamesBrian

Hu2ren2

Hu, Hu person, Hu people

Travis

jia1

jia, (small cup for wine with handles and large knobs or ears on the top)

CeCelia

feng4 zhu4 jia1

phoenix pillar jia, jia with phoenix birds on the ears or knobs

Travis

jia1gong1

to process; processing

Lynn

jia3gu3wen2

oracle script, shell and bone writing

jian1

point, tip, top; pointed, acute, high pitched, sharp

Zhang MengZhang LiLi ZhenShu ChangSun Gang
ScribMal

jian4

mirror, reflection; to view, to reflect, to inspect; ancient bronze mirror

Sarah GChelsea

b

jian4

jian, a water basin (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

a

jian4

jian, a water basin (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

jiang4 you4

brown glaze

Travis

կ

Jiang1zhai4

Jiangzhai (Neolithic village near Xi'an)

CeCelia

¥

jian4lou2

arrow tower

( )

ji2hu2

jihu, wine drinking vessel (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

޼

tie3 ji2li2

jour-joked points, puncture weapon

Travis

jin1

jin, wine tray (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

jin1bi2

gold coin

Sarah GChelsea

ʷ

jin4dai4shi3

modern history

ͭ

tong2 jing4

bronze mirror

Sarah GChelsea

yin3jiu3 qi4

wine drinking vessel, wine drinking utensil

Lynn

ʯ ʱ

Jiu4shi2qi4 Shi2dai4

Paleolithic Era

Travis

λ

ji2wei4

to succeed the throne; succession

CeCelia

ji4zuo4

kneeling (sitting on the heels with the knees on the ground)

Lynn

juan1

to engrave, to inscribe

jue2

jue, wine vessel with three legs

Lynn

jue2

jue, wine vessel

CeCelia

ling2long2 wen2 jue2

water dragon decorated jue

CeCelia

tao2 jun1

pottery granary

Sarah GChelsea

Ke4jia1

Hakka (ethnic group of south China)

kui2

kui, (one-legged monster who invented music and dancing - rain god)

CeCelia

Kui2 long2 wen2

Kui design

Lynn

lei2

lei, wine storage vessel (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

ت

tao2 li4

pottery li, pottery cauldron, pottery caldron

CeCelia

ت

li4

li, cauldron, caldron

CeCelia

ͭ ت

tong2 li4

bronze li, three-legged bronze cooking jar

Travis

ʳ

liang2shi4

food, cereals, grains

Lynn

lian2hu2

curved design, flourishes, curlicue

Sarah GChelsea

jian4zhu4cai2 liao4

building material

Lynn

Li3jia1

Lijia (pre-dynastic Zhou era culture of the Wei River Valley)

Lynn

ling2

ling, wide bodied jar

Sarah GChelsea

ling2

ling, wide bodied jar

Sarah GChelsea

li3qi4

ritual object, ritual vessel, sacrificial dish

CeCelia

liu2li2

colored glaze, colored glass

Travis

¯

xiang1lu2

incense burner

Travis

lu~4you4

green glaze

Travis

ì

mao2

spear, lance

Du FengDeng YichenWang ChenZhou HuiRen Shuang
Ann

ma3xian2

bit (horse), mouthpiece

Lynn

miao2jin1

outlined in gold

Travis

Ӻ

Ming2tang2 Bi4yong1

Mingtang Piyong Imperial Ancestral Temple and University

Chelsea

mu4

ornaments on chariot shafts (ancient)

gong1 nang2

bow bag, bow sack

Travis

nang2hu2

wine sack, wine skin (an ancient type of soft container for wine)

CeCelia

ţ ͷ

Niu2 Tou2 bang4 shi4

Ox-Head clam shell decoration

Lynn

ţ ͷ

Niu2 Tou2

Ox-Head

Lynn

ũ

nong2ju4

farm implements

Lynn

nu3

cross bow

nu3ji1

crossbow mechanism

Travis

Ů

Nu~3zhen1

Jurchen (ruled northwest China, Manchuria, from the 900's and established the Jin Dynasty (1115?C1234) )

pai2xiao1

paixiao, xiao, pan pipe

Travis

pan2

spiral, spirals, coil; to coil

Lynn

P

pan2

pan, flat basin for washing hands (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

pan2 chi1

coiled hornless dragons (often used in decoration in ancient times)

Sarah GChelsea

pan2hui3 wen2

coiled serpent decoration

Lynn

peng1ren4

cooking, culinary arts

CeCelia

ʢ Ʒ

cheng2 jiu3 pin3

wine holding item

CeCelia

« ƿ

hu2lu ping2

calabash, gourd shaped bottle

CeCelia

ƿ

jian1 di3 ping2

amphora, bottle with a pointed bottom

CeCelia

ͭ

tong2 pu1

bronze door knocker plate (ancient)

Lynn

xiang1 qi1

rustic axe, village axe (ancient)

Travis

qi1

axe (ancient), relative, relative on mother's side, sorrow

Travis

lian2 xing2 qi4

sickle shaped instrument (weapon)

Travis

peng1ren4 qi4

cooking vessel, culinary vessel

CeCelia

ĥ

yan2mo2qi4

grinding utensil, grinding stone, whetstone

CeCelia

ʢ ʳ

cheng2 shi4 qi4

container to hold food, food container

CeCelia

jiu3 qi4

wine vessel

CeCelia

gu3 xing2 qi4

drum shaped vessel (usually Neolithic)

CeCelia

Ǯ

qian2fan4

coin mold, money mold, coin form

Lynn

Ǯ ʯ

qian2 shi2fan4

stone coin mold

Lynn

Ǯ ͭ

qian2 tong2fan4

bronze coin mold

Lynn

Qi4dan1

Khitan, (people from Mongolia 700 ~ 1300)

ͭ

qing1tong2

bronze

Travis

qiong2

jasper, fine jade

Lynn

P

qi1yang2

battle axe (ancient)

Travis

Ȩ

tie3 quan2

iron weight

Sarah GChelsea

ͭ ʯ Ȩ

tong2 shi2 quan2

bronze and stone weights

Sarah GChelsea

Da4li4 ren2

Dali man (180,000 and 230,000 years ago)

Lan2tian2 ren2

Lantian man (1,150,000 years ago)

CeCelia

shang4gu3

distant past, ancient times, early historical times

shao2

dipper, spoon

CeCelia

she2shou3 wen2

snake head decoration

CeCelia

shi4

decoration, ornament; to decorate, to adorn, to conceal (a fault)

Lynn

ʯ

shi2diao1

stone engraving, engraved stone

CeCelia

shi4jian4

decorative object

Travis

ʯ ĥ

shi2mo4

millstone, grindstone

Lynn

ˮ

shui3qi4

water vessel, water vase

CeCelia

shu1sheng1

intellectual, scholar, student (archaic)

ͷ

tao2 su3 ren2tou xiang4

pottery model of a man's head

CeCelia

su4

to model a figure in clay, to sculpt in clay

CeCelia

xiang4ya2 suan4chou2

ivory counting sticks

Travis

suan4chou2

counting sticks

Travis

Ʒ Ĺ Ѩ һ

Sui2zang4 pin3 shi4 zai4 ling4 yi2 ge shi4jie1 pei2 ban4 si2zhe3 de qi4min3.

Funerary objects were placed in tombs to accompany the person into the next world.

Travis

tao2

pottery

CeCelia

tao1tie4 wen2

ogre mask design, zoomorphic mask motif (common from the Shang dynasty onward)

CeCelia

Ҥ

tao2yao2

pottery kiln

Lynn

ٸ

tao2yong3

pottery figure, (funerary object buried in tombs)

Sarah GChelsea

ٸ

ji4zuo4 tao2yong3

kneeling figure (funerary object)

Sarah GChelsea

tao2zhong1

zhong, pottery zhong, (pottery vase with large bulbous base and long narrow neck)

Travis

tian1wang1

heavenly god, god

Travis

ͭ

tong2

bronze (actually qing1tong2 is bronze, but tong2 is used if it is clear it is bronze)

Travis

chong2huan2 wen2 wa3dang1

double-ring decorated eaves tile

Lynn

wa3dang1

eaves tile, end tile

Lynn

lian2hua1 wen2

lotus pattern

Travis

wen2

line, mark, stripe, decoration; decorated with

CeCelia

weng4

weng, covered round belly pot

Lynn

weng4cheng2

defensive enclosure around a gate, enceinte of a city gate, barbican entrance to a city

wen2guan1

civil official (ancient)

Travis

wen2li4

civil official, minor official (ancient)

Travis

̨

Lao3guan1tai2 Wen2hua4

Laoguantai Culture (between 7 and 8 thousand years ago - Neolithic)

CeCelia

Wu3 Hu2

Wu Hu, five Hu peoples (ancient)

Travis

ʿ

wu3shi4

warrior, samurai (ancient)

Travis

ʿ

qi2ma3 wu3shi4

mounted warrior (ancient)

Travis

jin1 wu3zhu1

gold wuzhu coin (ancient)

Lynn

xi3

imperial seal, ruler's seal

Lynn

yu4 xi3

jade seal

Lynn

Lin2tong2 Xian4

Lintong County (district of Xi'an)

CeCelia

tao2 ren2mian4 xiang4

pottery figure of a man's face

Travis

xiang1

village, town, countryside, rustic. provincial, hometown, native place; to face toward, ahead of, before

Travis

xiang4

shape, appearance, impression; to resemble, to look like, to look as if, to seem

Zhang MengLiu JinzheZhu MengxiWang MeiMi ZhaoxiZhao He
FredMillieMikeApril

xiang1'an4

incense burner table

Lynn

xiang4ya2

ivory

Travis

xing1yun2

nebula, star and cloud (common ancient design)

Lynn

ʯ ʱ ǧ һ ֮

Xin1shi2qi4 shi2dai4 zai4 wu3qian1 nian2 dao4 yi1wan4 nian2 zhi1jian4.

The Neolithic Era was between 10 thousand and 5 thousand years ago.

Travis

ʯ ʱ

Xin1shi2qi4 Shi2dai4

Neolithic Era

Travis

ū

Xiong1nu2

Xiongnu, nomadic people (ancient - 3rd century BC ~ 460 AD)

Travis

S

xu3

xu, food container

Lynn

[

yan3

yan, pot and stand

Lynn

yang2hu3

sheep-tiger

Lynn

Yang3shao2 wen2hua4

Yangshao culture (Neolithic culture centered around the Wei River - 5000-3000 BC)

CeCelia

yan2liao4

paint, pigment, dye

CeCelia

ĥ

yan2mo2

to grind, to mill, to abrade; whetstone, grindstone

CeCelia

Ҥ

yao2chang3

brick kiln

CeCelia

Ұ

ye3man2ren2

barbarian

yi2

yi, wine vessel (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

F

yi2

yi, footed water pourer (ancient)

Sarah GChelsea

ӡ

yin4

seal

Travis

ͭ ӡ

tong2 yin4

bronze seal

Travis

ying2

ying, ancient water container

Lynn

۫

Ying3

Ying (ancient capital of Chu in Jianling, Hubei)

Sarah GChelsea

( )

yin3hu2

yinhu, wine drinking vessel

Sarah GChelsea

yin2pan2

silver plate, plane of the universe

Travis

yi2zhang4

flags, ceremonial weaponry, weapons carried by a guard of honor, insignia carried before the emperor

Travis

ַ

yi2zhi3

archaeological site, ruins, historic relics

Sarah GChelsea

Ů ٸ

nu~3 li4 yong3

standing female figure (used as a burial object)

Lynn

Ů ٸ

cai3hui4 ji4zuo4 nu~3 yong3

painted figurine of a kneeling woman (funerary object)

Lynn

ٸ

yong3

wooden or pottery funerary object, wooden or pottery object buried with the dead

Lynn

ٸ

bao4 dun4 nan2 yong3

figure of a man carrying a shield (funerary object)

Lynn

you3

you, wine container (has a handle and a lid, commonly tall, but can be fat and round, from early Shang on)

Travis

he4 you4

brown glaze, dark grey brown glaze

Travis

qing1 you4

green glaze

Travis

yu2

yu, basin, wide mouth jar

Lynn

wa1 wen2 yue4

frog decorated battle-axe

Travis

yue4

battle-axe, dagger axe

Travis

׷ ʯ ʱ ʱ

Zhe4 ge4 yu4qi4 ke3yi3 zhui1su4 dao4 Xin1shi2qi4 Shi2dai4. Jian4 chang3 shi2 zhao3dao4 de.

This jade artifact is dated to the Neolithic Period. It was found when the factory was built.

yu4qi4

jade artifact

yu4xuan2ji1

jasper bi, irregularly shaped round bi

Lynn

բ

zha4

sluice, gate, circuit breaker, lock (waterway)

ռ

zhan1bu3

to divine

Travis

zhang4bu4

account book, ledger

Travis

zhe2chu2

to uncover, to excavate

ci2 zhen3

porcelain pillow (ancient)

Travis

֣

Zheng4jia1po1

Zhengjiapo

Lynn

Ĺ

zhen4mu4shou4

grave guardian beast (ancient)

Travis

( z )

zhi4

zhi, covered wine goblet (rounded cover, body can be round or flat, indented in the middle, late Shang to Spring and Autumn period)

Sarah GChelsea

ʦ ة

shi2cheng2 zhong1

official's bell (ancient)

Lynn

zhong1

handleless cup (ancient)

Lynn

zhu4

pillar, post, column, peg, stem

Travis

ש

fang1 zhuan1

square brick

Travis

ש

ji3he2 wen2 fang1 zhuan1

geometric patterned brick

Sarah GChelsea

װ Ʒ

zhuang1shi4pin3

ornament

Lynn

ש Ҥ

zhuan1yao2

brick kiln

CeCelia

ש Ҥ

zhuan1yao2chang3

brick kiln

CeCelia

׶

gu3 zhui1 bing3

bone awl handle

CeCelia

Ȧ

lu~4you4 tao2 zhu1juan4

green glazed pottery pig pen (funerary object)

Travis

gu3 zu2

bone arrowhead

CeCelia

zu3

zu, sacrificial table

Lynn

ͭ

tong2 zu2

bronze arrowhead

Lynn

yang2 zun1

goat decorated zun, goat decorated wine vessel

Travis

zun1

zun, wine vessel with a wide opening and flat bottom, (early Shang to modern)

Travis




http://hua.umf.maine.edu/Chinese/topics/topics.html
Last Update: July 2012
©  Marilyn Shea 1999, 2001, 2004, 2008, 2012