President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on
January 1, 1863. Below there is a lithographed copy of the
Proclamation, commonly called a broadside. At the bottom left hand of the document the credits
read: "Designed & executed by A. Kidder Publisher Office 429
Broadway, N. Y. 86 Dearborn St. Chicago.
Lith & printed Cha" Shober & Co. Clark & Lake St. Chicago." At the
bottom center are the words: "Entered according to act of Congress
by A. Kidder in the Clerks office of the District Court for the Norther
District of Illinois."
Charles Shober was a well known lithographer in Chicago. He
created maps, panorama views of cities, as well as commemorative or
souvenir broadsides such as the one shown. The broadsides of
the Emancipation Proclamation were
popular and a number of different ones were produced by different
lithographers across the country.
While the Proclamation merely freed the slaves in the secessionist
states, many in the country viewed the Proclamation as absolute.
Thus, they wanted a memento of what was seen as the decisive action to
The Proclamation had a number of effects on the war, not the least of
which was to build the morale and strength of purpose of the populace.
The popularity of the copies of the Proclamation show that the action
was broadly, if not universally, popular. It was not until the
13th Amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865 that slavery was
abolished legally throughout the United States.
The enlargements of the document are sufficient for easy reading
-- they will be a slow download on a modem. The
photographs of the Emancipation Proclamation
may be used freely on non-commercial sites (no
advertisements) and for educational purposes. Please
link to this site for the copyright.
execrable sum of all villainies commonly called the Slave-trade.
(John Wesley, Journal, 1703 - 1791)
Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of
chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course
others may take, but as for me, give me liberty, or give me death!
Henry (1736-1799) Speech in the Virginia Convention, March, 1775)
Slaves are considered as property, not as persons. They ought
therefore to be comprehended in estimates of taxation which are
founded on property, and to be excluded from representation which is
regulated by a census of persons. This is the objection, as I
understand it, stated in its full force. I shall be equally candid
in stating the reasoning which may be offered on the opposite side.
"We subscribe to the doctrine,"" might one of our Southern brethren
observe, "that representation relates more immediately to persons,
and taxation more immediately to property, and we join in the
application of this distinction to the case of our slaves. But we
must deny the fact, that slaves are considered merely as property,
and in no respect whatever as persons. The true state of the case
is, that they partake of both these qualities: being considered by
our laws, in some respects, as persons, and in other respects as
(Federalist Papers No. 54, Hamilton or Madison, February 12, 1788)
naturally anti-slavery. If slavery is not wrong, nothing is
(A. Lincoln, in a letter to
Albert G. Hodges April 4, 1864.)
man can put a chain about the ankle of his fellow man without at
last finding the other end fastened about his own neck.
1818 - 1895)