Alphabetical List

John Adams MORE ⇒⇒⇒ A Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America.  1787.  3 Volumes, 1st. Edition

John Adams was in London serving as a diplomat for his young country in 1787. He wrote and published Defence of the Constitutions of Government of the United States of America in three volumes. The American edition was published the same year in New York and Philadelphia. The work occurs in the middle of his career and reflects the depth of thought that our founders engaged in while building a new country. 

Aristotle MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Politics & Economics.  1496.  1st. Edition (complete)

Photographs of this Latin edition.

Aristotle MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Ethics.  1496.  1st. Edition (complete)

Photographs of this Latin edition.

St. Augustine of Hippo   Citie of God.  1610.  1st. English Edition.
Confucius MORE ⇒⇒⇒ The Morals of Confucius.  1691.  1st. English Edition.

Confucius lived during the Spring and Autumn period (777 BC to 476 BC) of the Eastern or Later Zhou Dynasty (770 BC - 256 BC).  It was a time in China's history when the great Zhou dynasty had broken down and the country was divided among rival factions. 

Constitutions   The Constitutions of the Several Independent States of America; The Declaration of Independence; The Articles of Confederation Between the Said States; The Treaties Between His Most Christian Majesty and the United States of America.  1781.  1st. Edition.
Corn Laws MORE ⇒⇒⇒ The Battle for Native Industry. The Debate upon the Corn Laws.  1846.  2 volumes, 1st. Edition.

The Corn Laws were an attempt to protect the agricultural industry of Great Britain from cheaper imports.  They were an early form of price supports.  They also served as a case study in the developing field of economics for men like Engles and Malthus who wrote extensively about their impact.  Organized public protest developed a new sophistication as groups joined forces to lobby for repeal.

J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Letters from an American Farmer.  1782.  1st. Edition.

Published in French an English in te same year, Letters along with de Tocqueville's work gives us an early glimpse at the social and political life of young America.  The dedication to Abbe Raynal is included.

Domesday   Domesday Book.  1862.  (Yorkshire)
Frederick Douglass   My Bondage & My Freedom.  1855. 
Emancipation MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Emancipation Proclamation.  1862.  1st. Edition. 

The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation was issued on September 22, 1862 as a warning.  On January 1, 1863 the official Emancipation was signed by President Lincoln.  Elaborate copies were immediately made by famous engravers to sell as commemorative pieces.

Ralph Waldo Emerson   Essays: including "Self-Reliance."  1841.  1st. Edition.
Desiderius Erasmus   The Praise of Folly.  1765.
Euclid of Alexandria   The First Six Elements of Geometry.  1705.
Federalist   The Federalist.  1788.  2 Volumes, 1st. Edition.
Galileo Galilei   Dialogo di Galileo Galilei linceo matematico supremo dello studio di padova. [Galileo's Dialogues] 1710.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe   Faust.  1833.  1st Edition.
Hugo Grotius   Treating of the Rights of War & Peace.  1682.  1st Edition.
Thomas Hobbes   Leviathan.  1651.  1st. Edition.
Victor Hugo   Les Miserables.  1887.
David Hume   Philosophical Essays Concerning Human Understanding.  1748.  1st. Edition.
John Locke   Some Thoughts Concerning Education.  1693.  1st. Edition
John Locke   Collected Works.  1727.  3 volumes.
Martin Luther   To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation.  1553.
Henry Mackenzie MORE ⇒⇒⇒ The Letters of Brutus to Certain Celebrated Political Characters.  1791.

Like Yates who wrote as Brutus in America at the time, Mackenzie was a conservative who mistrusted centralized power and mistrusted those who held either power or popularity.  He challenged corruption and the misuse of power.  Six of the letters are shown in their entirety.
Magna Carta MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Magna Carta.  1350.  (Illuminated manuscript on parchment)
The Magna Carta was a product of a complex period of transition from medieval thought to participatory government.  This copy was compiled with other charters and acts about 150 years later, evidence that it continued to define the concepts of rights and limitations on power through the middle ages.
Thomas Robert Malthus MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Principles of Political Economy.  1820.  1st. Edition.

The first edition of Principles of Political Economy: Considered with a View to their Practical Application appeared in 1820, seven years later Malthus followed it with Definitions in Political Economy.  While he is best known for his theory of population and the supply of sustenance, his works on the economic system and its functioning is closely related.

John Stuart Mill   On Liberty.  1859.
John Milton   Areopagitica.  1644.  1st. Edition.
Michel de Montaigne   Essays of Montaigne.  1685.  3 Volumes.
Isaac Newton   The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.  1729.  2 Volumes, 1st. Edition.
Thomas Paine MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Common Sense.  1776;  1792  1st. Edition.

Common Sense appeared in many different editions over the years. The present edition was published in 1792 in London. It cost 6 pence. Note the reference to the "American War."

Plato   Republic of Plato.  1763.  1st. English Edition.
Mestrius Plutarch   The Virtues of Women and the Parallel Lives.  1485.
David Ricardo   Political Works.  1846.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau   Social Compact.  1797.  1st. Edition.
John Sanderson   Biography of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence.  1820-1827.  9 Volumes, 1st. Edition.
Albert Schweitzer   The Decay and The Restoration of Civilization.
Adam Smith   The Theory of Moral Sentiments.  1759.  1st. Edition.
Adam Smith   Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.  1776.  2 Volumes, 1st. Edition.
Alexis DeTocqueville   Democracy in America.  1841.  2 Volumes, 1st English Edition.
Emmerich de Vattel MORE ⇒⇒⇒ Law of Nations; or Principles of the Law of Nature: Applies to the Conduct & Affairs of Nations & Sovereigns.  1759.  1st. English Edition.

Vattel built upon Leibnitz's concepts of natural law in his Law of Nations.  Vattel's work served as the basis for much of the American Constitution, providing a system whereby power could be balanced with resort to hierarchy and monarchy.  While Locke may have given us certain concepts about the equality of man, our founders rejected his concepts of government in favor of those of Vattel and Leibnitz.

François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire   Letters Concerning the English Nation.  1733.  1st. Edition
Mary Wollstonecraft   A Vindication of the Rights of Men.  1790.  1st. Edition.
Mary Wollstonecraft   Letters -- written during a short residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark.  1796.  1st. Edition.


Marilyn Shea, 2005, 2006