||Sniffy: The Virtual Rat
is a demonstration program for the basic principles of reinforcement theory
written by Krames, Graham and Alloway (1995). If you plan to do any
studies in behavior modification or reinforcement theory, it is an excellent
Sniffy is a normal happy
rat. He is naive. The idea is to teach Sniffy to press a bar.
While doing so, Sniffy will teach you about using reinforcers properly
to get the maximum effect. Topics covered include:
In the book, you will find instructions
for using the program, a brief overview of the basic principles of reinforcment,
and exercises to give you something to teach Sniffy. It takes patience
and close attention to detail, but you will begin to understand the complexities
of teaching a child to make their bed.
Schedules of Reinforcement
There is a section at the back of
the documentation where you can get a taste of the computer commands used
to create Sniffy's responses. It is interesting to see the relationship
between the computer commands and the theory they express.
Shea, November 1999
of Psychology, University of Maine at Farmington
Sniffy captured from Sniffy: The Virtual Rat, version 4.5